The term arthritis literally denotes inflammation of a joint. The most frequent variety is osteoarthritis, which is characterized by deterioration of the cartilage that protects the bone ends within a joint. Without cartilage protection, tendons and ligaments work harder, and severe cartilage loss can result in bone rubbing against bone, producing friction and, eventually, swelling and inflammation.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an example of how arthritis can also manifest itself when some joint components are mistakenly viewed as a "foreign" threat and are targeted by immune system attacks. Arthritis can affect everyone, even youngsters, but it is significantly more common in older age groups.
Arthritis gets worse in winter.
Joint pains and tight muscles are the most typical health issues that older individuals face throughout the winter. During the winter months, the number of senior individuals seeking treatment for bone and joint disorders increases by 50%. Many rheumatoid arthritis patients struggle to control pain, swelling, stiffness, exhaustion, and other common rheumatoid arthritis symptoms throughout winter. Some people have increased joint pain as the cold weather sets in.
Why this happens:
Here are some reasons why arthritis flares up in the winter:
Pain receptors grow more sensitive during winter.
Low atmospheric pressure might cause joint pain. When pressure drops, tissues swell, increasing strain between joints and producing pain.
Colder temperatures cause more muscular spasms, leading to joint discomfort and stiffness.
Cold lowers blood circulation to fingers and toes, exacerbating arthritic symptoms.
Limited sunlight during winter can reduce vitamin D levels and damage bones and joints.
How to Find Relief in the winter:
1. Dress warmly - Depending on the climate in your city, you can wear warm winter garments or layers. Always protect your hands, knees, legs, and other arthritis-prone regions.
2. Hydrate - Staying hydrated keeps you more active. Even modest dehydration may increase your sensitivity to pain.
3. Exercise - While it's normal to desire to escape the cold winter weather, those with joint discomfort should stay active. Exercise inside helps alleviate symptoms such as joint stiffness and muscular weakness.
4. Stay warm and cozy - Use an electric heating pad, hot water bag, or electric blanket to keep warm when relaxing or sleeping. Heating pads are more useful for specific places where joints have become stiff and uncomfortable due to the cold weather.
5. Relax with warm baths - Swimming in a heated pool is both a fantastic workout and a great way to soothe your joints. Warm baths can also provide considerable relief.
6. Supplement with Vitamin D - Low vitamin D levels may contribute to your sensitivity to arthritic pain. Being vitamin D deficiency also increases the risk of osteoporosis. Consult your doctor about the finest supplement options.
7. Increase your intake of omega-3 fatty acids - Omega-3 fatty acids are extremely effective in reducing joint inflammation. Incorporate avocado, flaxseed, walnuts, and seafood into your diet.
Enjoy the winter while taking the precautions listed above for arthritis. If you are experiencing severe joint pain as a result of arthritis, please contact our experts at the Centre for Bone and Joint.
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